The Chinese Communist Regime’s Strategies to Overpower the U.S. Print
Real China

The Chinese Communist  Party (CCP) ghost is still behind every building block of Chinese society, while China’s economy has expanded to a scale comparable to that of the U.S.  People who live in a society that doesn’t require having to face  the CCP in their daily lives tend to underestimate the Party’s impact.

Although the U.S. government and the American people have never been China’s enemy,  due to their conflicting ideologies,  U.S.  democracy and its values have presented the biggest threat to the CCP’s continued existence. This has been particularly true since the CCP attempted economic  openness at the international level, while still trying to keep its political system unchanged.  How the communist regime views and treats U.S.-China relations has therefore become quite complex.

To the Chinese people, the CCP portrays the U.S. as an enemy of  China

While  the  regime  needs  the  U.S. to  validate  its  legitimacy  on  the  international stage and U.S technology and its market to develop its power,  it has to create and maintain hostility toward the U.S. and Western values among the Chinese people. To that end, it encourages the Chinese people to believe that the U.S. and China are more enemies than friends and that the U.S. is engaging in a trade war, a currency war, a media war, and  military containment against China,  even as it uses China’s resources and cheap labor for its own benefit. Yan  Xuetong,  director of  the Institute of International Affairs at Qinghua University, summed  it up at the 2010 World Economic Forum, “China and the U.S. are not friends. The interests (of the two countries) are, in many ways, contradictory and in opposition.” [1]

Inside China, the regime has resisted critical reform of  its political system in order to fight for its  existence in the face of the  “outside  world’s”  increasing  influence. Therefore, in its  ightly controlled educational  system,  its media, art,  and culture sectors, it has attempted to control normal society’s inflow of  information and values by restricting the flow of information, building an advanced national Internet firewall, distorting the image of  the U.S. and promoting anti-U.S. propaganda.

While  the  Internet has  provided a venue for discussion that is more open than traditional media,  the CCP has subjected it to its  most sophisticated Web filtering system.  The CCP employs a diverse array of strategies for silencing or guiding discussion about issues it considers politically sensitive.

The methods the CCP uses to restrict the spread of  hought on pro-Western democratic  ideals,  personal freedom,  or the rule of law  include its tightly controlled public security apparatus;  labor camps,  courts,  the legal system;  and the  persecution of  people who promote these ideas or  promote  putting them into  action in helping the people whose rights  have been  violated.  Hu  Jia, Gao  Zhisheng,  Chen Guangcheng,  and  Xu Zhiyong are just a few  better known  names  among  thousands of such similar individuals'

The  CCP also does everything in its power to  eliminate  any  organizations or individuals who  express independent thought,  whether religious  or non-religious,  ethnic,  caring of  their fellow Chinese, standing up  to abuse, or otherwise not  in conformity with the CCP’s  autocratic choices.  The problem is that its actions may potentially draw people together who will then standup to, challenge, or even question the CCP’s tight control. Thus the CCP has cracked down fiercely on the basic human rights of freedom of belief, freedom of  speech, and freedom of assembly.

The  CCP is not a very effective machine on its own due to inherent corruption  and the many weaknesses in its system. However, a large number of  ruling elite have  both  the vested interests  and  the  needed resources to help maintain  the  CCP’s current  status  quo.  They  can  thus  protect  their  family’s  accumulated  wealth  and interests  and  their  special privileges  in society. The  whole CCP machinery  exists so it can maintain its dominant force in Chinese society and defend its continued existence. Thus no individual top leader, no matter what his good wishes for the Chinese people or what heart he has to deepen reform could effect change easily.

The  CCP’s former leader,  Mao  Zedong,  opined that "the only real defense is active defense," meaning a good  offense  is the  best  defense.  Success  often  rests  on  destroying the enemy's ability to attack.
CCP theorists even envision keeping China integrated with the CCP’s  development of the  China Model  so  it  can  “absorb  the nutrients  from  ‘capitalist  bodies’ [so  as  to] strengthen  China’s  socialist  body;”  “to  win time  and  accumulate  strength  via economic  development  in order  to  eventually conquer  capitalism,” and “to  take advantage of [China’s] nationalized system and do the big things [the CCP] wants.” [2,3]

By its very  nature,  the  CCP  wants  to have  increasingly more say in world affairs and has  emboldened  its  diplomatic  statements on foreign  affairs.  This  new, audacious diplomacy is due to the fact that its “comprehensive national power, including military strength, is becoming stronger day by day.” Its reasoning is simple, “The United States can  dictate  and boss  people  [of other countries]  around  because of  its unparalleled military hegemony.” [4] It is the same logic as its domestic dogma that “power comes from the barrel of  gun.”

The  CCP’s  strategy of  playing offense  in the  ideological  battle  against  the U.S

The  CCP  employs  a long-term  strategy  o  using  political, economic, cultural,  and other  means  to  infiltrate  all  segments  of  U.S. society  so that  the  U.S. not  only  gets friendly with the Communist regime, but also embarks on a path of relative decline in national power and global influence.

Backed by  its large  dollar  holdings,  the  CCP’s  State-owned  Enterprises  (SOEs)  and State-Controlled Enterprises (SCEs) are actively pursuing outbound investment in the U.S. On  the  one  hand, U.S. companies face  unfair  competition  from  these  Chinese SOEs and SCEs,  because they  enjoy  government  subsidies  and  preferential financing and procurement contracts. On the other hand, the CCP employs these companies to advance its foreign policy and strategic interests. [5]

In  recent  years, the CCP  has  been  investing  heavily in Africa.  As  the former  U.S. assistant secretary of state for African affairs, Johnnie Carson, pointed out,  however, "China is  a very  aggressive  and  pernicious  economic  competitor  with  no morals. China is not in Africa for altruistic reasons. China is in Africa for China primarily." [6]
The Party’s booming investments in Africa are propping up unsavory regimes, such as Sudan's Omar al-Bashir and Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe;  it appears that the more unsavory the regime the larger the investment. [7] The reasons for China’s investment include  securing  votes  in the  United Nations  from  African  countries  to  support China's  own  aims, depressing  diplomatic support  for  its  rival  Taiwan,  and also preventing  African  countries from  raising the issue  of  Tibet  or the systematic persecution of  Falun Gong and the Muslim Uighurs. [8] China weakens any efforts to strengthen democracy and human rights in Africa.

Besides  its  SOEs’  visible  world-wide  investments  in natural  resources and infrastructure, many other activities are much more obscure yet more damaging to  the interests  of  the  host  nation. Chief  among them  is   China’s  smuggling  of   its propaganda  into  its  ideological  rivals, such as  the  United States, and  its  long-term strategy  of  suppressing  and  suffocating  dissidence  and opposition.  Throughout  its history,  the  CCP  has  always  considered  media power  to  be  as  important  as  military power.

The  CCP  has  made  English versions  of  its  major  state  media readily  available  to almost every American family.  [9]  It also  either  controls  or  influences most Chinese language media in  the  U.S.  [10]  By  refusing  to renew the visas  of  Western journalists  who  report  stories  it dislikes  and  by  rewarding “friendly” media,  the  CCP  aims  to sway international media to provide coverage in its favor. [11]

How China brought China Central Television (CCTV) to the U.S. is a  good example of  the infiltration of  China’s propaganda. The process was carefully orchestrated and executed. CCTV  first  managed to  broadcast  in the  Washington D.C. area in  2004, using the air time of Montgomery County’s public TV channels, in partnership with a local  Chinese  TV  company  run  by  a  Chinese  American. Subsequently,  through  the local  Chinese  TV company  CCTV’s  programs  landed onto  Comcast’s  cable  channel where it became a 24/7 Chinese channel in the U.S. Apparently, the strategy has been very  effective. According to  National  Public Radio, now  “CCTV  America has  its home  in  a new  building just  two  blocks  from  the White  House, in the heart  of Washington.  Cable  providers in  New  York, Washington, D.C.,  and  Los  Angeles, among other big cities now carry it.”

As part of  the  task of managing how it is perceived,  the  CCP tells  a one-sided,  rosy story  about China to  invited politicians and  business  leaders.  [12]  It  acquires entertainment  facilities  and  installs  networks  of  language  teaching  facilities  in academic  institutions.  [13]  It  regularly  sends  art  groups  to  the  U.S., promoting communist ideology under cover of its identity as “Chinese culture.” [14]

The above practices, plus the Chinese consulates’  activities, against the backdrop of China’s economic achievements, contribute to a growing constituency for  the  CCP’s ideology inside the U.S. and foster massive espionage activities. [15] As pointed out in the 2009 REPORT TO CONGRESS  of  the  U.S.-CHINA  ECONOMIC  AND  SECURITY  REVIEW COMMISSION, “China is the most aggressive country conducting espionage against the United States.”

The  CCP  strategy  of  using overseas grassroots  Chinese  Associations  to infiltrate the U.S.

The  CCP’s strategy  to  infiltrate  the  United States  is best  illustrated by an  article published on the government  website  of  Hunan  Province. Cai Lijun,  a high-level  Public  Security official, summed up the strategy of how to combat overseas Falun Gong and other spiritual/religious  groups   by   establishing CCP-controlled grassroots  Chinese-community organizations. This  strategy  applies  in  general  to  the  CCP’s  overseas agenda. Below are some excerpts from the article:

“When we  establish  grassroots Chinese-community organizations,  [we will] not only consolidate  the  social  power  of  the overseas  Chinese, but  also  n aturally  achieve opinion hegemony  and  become a political power wedged in the foreign  society. How to develop overseas Chinese organizations: (1) Start  a new organization; (2) Acquire a foreign  organization (borrow  the shell); (3)   Merge  with  a  foreign   organization (reorganize); (4)  Carry  out  joint  activities  (business  cooperation), (5) Support  the foreign  organization (from  behind  the scenes);   and  (6)   Expand the current organization’s  function  (embedded development). For  example, add an  anti-cult feature to an overseas Chinese student association.”

“One of  the most critical problems for overseas organizations is the need for financial support.  Direct  funding  from  the government  is not  suitable. This  requires that political and economic organizations have tentacles overseas to  enable them to  reach consensus and to cooperate. Chinese enterprises have already been established outside the country. Most are large state-owned enterprises. They all have a common vision to maintain  overseas  interests  and  the   motivation to  express  political  aspirations overseas. It is relatively easy to reach a consensus. The enterprises also have the ability to support overseas Chinese organizations financially.”

“The  Central Political and  Law  Commission  and the China Association  for  Science and Technology  should  establish  an  institutionalized  partnership  with  the  SASAC (State-owned  Assets  Supervision  and Administration Commission  of  the  State Council), the overseas Chinese federation, and other agencies. They should initiate the policy at  home  (inside  China)  and  implement  the  strategy overseas,  enabling the overseas  entities  to  become  long-term, stable,  and reliable  sources  of  supporting forces.” [16]

The CCP’s overseas “underground” party organizational activities

The Chinese Communist government mandates that all the overseas State Owned Enterprises (SOEs) establish Communist Party branches and regularly hold Party activities. The Party branches should report to the local Chinese Embassies or
Consulates. They should avoid using employees of foreign nationalities in their activities and all such activities should be held secretly. Below are a few examples:

1) Sinohydro Group Ltd. is a large international enterprise directly under the control of the Central and State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration  Commission of the State Council. On August 24, 2006, the tentative Party committee of the company issued a “Guideline for Reinforcing Party Development Work in Overseas Operating Units.” The 18th rule in “The Principles of Party Activities for the Overseas Operating Units” states, “When corporations, international enterprises and their subsidiary companies set up their overseas operating units, they need to establish a Party organization simultaneously to insure that wherever there is a management project and personnel, there is also a Party organization.” The 32nd rule states, “All overseas Party organizations in the overseas operating units must report to and be under the leadership of the Party Committee of the Chinese Embassy in that country.” The 33rd rule states, “When establishing Party organizations, overseas operating units need to conform to the situations of the residing country. It is not advised to hold large-scale activities or conferences openly in the name of the Party organization, nor can the internal information of the Party be exposed. One cannot accept foreign media interviews in the name of the leader of the Party organization.” [17]

2) China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation (CCECC): CCECC follows the principle of “wherever the team is, the Party organization should be established and its activities should be initiated.” [18]

3) China National Oil & Gas Exploration and Development Corporation (CNODC): CNODC stated on its website that the company fulfilled a 100 percent completion rate in overseas Party branch development. As of June 2010, there were eight corporate Party committees, 12 general Party divisions, and 68 branches, fully playing the core political role of the Party. Fifty-six percent of the total number of overseas Chinese employees were Party members. [19]

4) The China Geological Engineering Corporation (CGC): Since June 20, 2004, the CGC Party Committee has been “thoroughly investigating the number and distribution of overseas active Party members,” “so that, although they are far away from the homeland physically, the active Party members overseas have unified guidance.” “They conform to the requirement that, wherever there are Party members, there is a Party organization and wherever there are Party organizations, there are systematic organization agendas. They establish and strengthen the Party branch offices and ensure that every Party member is under the management of the Party branches.” [20]

The CCP’s history of using immigrants as a cover for Its intelligence work

Before Hong Kong’s return to China in 1997, Chinese Security Departments  sent a number of intelligence agents to live in Hong Kong as Hong Kong immigrants.  The Public  Security  Ministry  gave  them  one-way  permits  from  the  mainland  to  Hong Kong,  ostensibly  intended for family reunions.  As  reported in the book Unveiling  the Yuan Hua Case, it was believed that Communist agents were the recipients of about 15 to  20 percent of all one-way permits.” Lai Cangxin, the main character in the book and the defendant  in  China's most prominent smuggling case, revealed that he knew several dozen of these agents. The National Security Ministry had sent Lai himself  to Hong Kong as a special agent. [21]

[1]Xinhua, “Sino-U.S. Relations: More Foes than Friends,” March 22, 2010,
[2] Yu Keping, The China Model and Ideological Emancipation, November 19, 2008,
[3] Elitism and the Nationalized System, Chinese Dominance to Be Stronger in the Future, December 13, 2009, kindid=0&docid=101154957&mdate=1213002230
[4] People's Daily: Why Has China Emboldened Diplomatic Statements on Foreign Affairs? People’s Daily (overseas edition), May 14, 2013,
[5] The U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission (USCC) 2012 Annual Report to Congress
[6] AFP, “U.S. diplomat tells China to act responsibly in Africa” November 22, 2011,
[8] AFP: Leaked U.S. cable says China has 'no morals' in Africa
[9] In May 2011, the North America regional headquarters of China's Xinhua News Agency formally launched its new office in Manhattan's Times Square. CNTV, a 24-hour English news channel formerly known as CCTV News, was launched in
December, 2009. CCTV America, the American division of CCTV News, based in Washington, DC and manages bureaus across North and South America, began broadcasting on February 6, 2012. China Daily put a paid subdomain on the website
of Washington Post,
China’s state-owned radio station China Radio International can be heard on the medium-wave AM band in many areas of U.S.
[10] Chinascope, “How the Chinese Government Came To Dominate Chinese Language Media in the United States,” January 2008,
[11] Testimony of Associate Professor Anne-Marie Brady, School of Political and Social Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand at the hearing of U.S.‐China Economic & Security Review Commission on “China’s Propaganda and Perception Management Efforts, Its Intelligence Activities that Target the United States, and the Resulting Impacts on U.S. National Security” April 30, 2009 4.30.09HearingTranscript.pdf
[12] See “Congressional staffers often travel on tabs of foreign governments,” Washington Post, February 17, 2013,
[13] In September 2012, China’s Dalian Wanda Group acquired AMC Entertainment for $2.6 billion. See the website of Hanban, global headquarters of Confucius Institutes, for a list of Confucius Institutes in the U.S. universities.
[14] “Red Ballet at Kennedy Center Becomes Focus of Controversy,” Epoch Times, September 28, 2011,
[15] Statement of Mr. I.C. Smith, Special Agent (retired), Federal Bureau of Investigation, Testimony before the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, Hearing on “China’s Propaganda and influence Operations, Its
intelligence Activities that Target the United States, and the Resulting Impacts on U.S. National Security.” April 30, 2009,
[16] CaiLijun: Supporting Overseas Chinese to establish and develop grassroots anti-evil cult organizations is the best avenue to combat the overseas evil-cult. Dec, 2011
[17]. The Third Construction Bureau of Chinese water conservation and hydro-electricity company. “Guidelines regarding strengthening establishment of overseas Party structure” Chinese water conservation and hydroelectricity company [2006] 55 documents (August 24, 2006)
[18] Experience and Exploration of CCECC to Enhance Overseas Party Development,
[19]   Experience  and Exploration of CNODC  to  Enhance Overseas  Party Development. CNODC News Center, June 10, 2010,
[20]. The State Council for State assets Surveillance Management committee Website. August 12, 2005). "Firmly advancing activities of overseas Party education” author: Party committee of Chinese geology Project Company.
[21]  Sheng Xue: “Unveiling the  Yuan  Hua Case  (“远华案”黑幕).”  Mirror  Books, New York, USA, 2001. ISBN 962-8744-46-1.